Obesity is a common health problem that affects millions of people all across the globe. It is caused by poor eating habits such as excessive consumption of foods that are riddled with unhealthy fats. Research studies also show that genetics can at times contribute to obesity. To help you understand how obesity raises your risk for serious diseases, we will review some of the health complications that are caused by this condition.
High Blood Pressure
Accumulation of fat in various parts of the body especially around the abdomen makes the arteries thick and stiff. This in turn increases the pressure at which blood flowing through the arteries reaches the various body organs such as the brain. In addition, the heart is forced to work harder to supply blood throughout the body. Research studies have shown that this effect results in a sharp increase in body salt retention and this worsens the blood pressure problem.
Almost 90% of the people who are suffering from type 2-diabetes are obese or overweight. Excess weight exerts unnecessary stress on individual cells specially the membranous network that is commonly referred to as the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). When the ER has more nutrients that it can process at a particular time, it sends a signal to the cells to slow down or reduce the activity of insulin receptors that are found at the cell surface. This in turn results in insulin resistance and an increase in concentration of glucose in the blood, resulting in diabetes.
Obesity results in a buildup of plague inside the arteries. Overtime, this plague increases and ruptures the arteries. This results in a blood clot that blocks smooth flow of blood to various organs in your body. If the clot occurs close to the brain, you will suffer from stroke as your brain will not receive enough oxygenated blood.
Indeed, it is important to prevent obesity to promote your overall health and wellbeing. One of the best ways of doing this is by adhering to good eating habits and taking part in physical activities such as jogging more often to burn any stored fat in the body.